Custom and Rituals


The Oxford (2014) had defined custom as “A traditional and widely accepted way of behaving or doing something that is specific to a particular society, place, or time:” where as the Cambridge Dictionaries explained it as “a way of behaving or a belief that has been established for a long time”



Ritual refers to “the established form for a ceremony; specifically :  the order of words prescribed for a religious ceremony. (Merriam-Webster, 2014). According to the Cambridge Dictionary, it is a set of fixed actions and sometimes words performed regularly, especially as part of a ceremony”.

Crossman (2014) defined ritual as “a formalized mode of behavior in which the members of a group or community regularly engage. Religion represents one of the main contexts in which rituals are practiced, but the scope of ritual behavior extends well beyond religion. Most groups have ritual practices of some kind.”


The (2014) denotes ritual as the social communication, which show the standardized behavior code (such as speech, dress, behavior, etc.) towards people with certain type of relationship, with this mutual understanding and acceptance of the these actions, affirming the status and position of individuals in that relationship, especially where there is a senior-junior or higher-lower status or social position.

Question #1:

How does your customs differ from the other ethnic groups? (For instance, how you eat, what could be auspicious object or the taboo that is applicable to your society?)

Question #2:

Let’s compare the ceremony for celebrating child birth for your cultural group, how does it similar or differ from the other cultural groups?

Question #3:

How do you make full use of the similarities and differences mentioned above to strengthen the friendship and harmony in the school environment?


Cambridge Dictionaries Online.(2014). Custom – definition. Retrieved December 29, 2014 from

Crossman, Ashley. (2014). Ritual. Retrieved December 29, 2014 from (2014). Ritual -definition. Retrieved December 29, 2014 from

Oxford (2014). Custom – Definition. Retrieved December 29, 2014 from


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