Religion

According to the Oxford Dictionary.com, religion refers to “The belief in and worship of a super human controlling power, especially a personal God or gods”. Dictionary.com had described it as “a set of beliefs concerning the cause, nature, and purpose of the universe, especially when considered as the creation of a super human agency or agencies, usually involving devotional and ritual observances, and often containing a moral code governing the conduct of human affairs.” The BBC (2014) had defined religion as “Religion can be explained as a set of beliefs concerning the cause, nature, and purpose of the universe, especially when considered as the creation of a superhuman agency or agencies, usually involving devotional and ritual observances, and often containing a moral code governing the conduct of human affairs.”

Why do people need a religion?

In the ancient era, primitive tribal societies may have animistic belief that there are spirits or soul that may bring diseases or disasters. Out of fear, time of desperation and need (Personal Cafe, 2014), they would worship these spirits and make sacrifice in order to avoid mishaps. With the introduction of more structured religions such as Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism, etc. that put emphasis on the understanding of the natural phenomena, wisdom in dealing with crisis and challenges in life, upholding virtues, sustaining social harmony, fulfilling spiritual needs, people become more rational and united under the same faith. When a particular religion was brought into a region or society, the local culture may accommodate the religious practice aligning with their own culture and believes.

Why do people choose a particular religion?

Even though all religions teach people to cease evil and do good, the dogma or the central teaching of different religion may defers. People will choose a particular religion that matches with one’s theological view and ideology. Some religions will be passed on from generation to generation as part of the cultural inheritance or by law, others may embrace a religion due to marriage, conforming to a social identity, etc.

Business Insider. (2015). Animated map shows how religion spread around the world

Some articles about the five major religions of the world:

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