According to Glatthorn (2012) the education system have two major types of curriculum, namely the intentional curricular (the recommended, planned, supported, written, taught, learned and tested curricular.) and the hidden curriculum.
The actualized curricular based on the written curricular define the component of authentic literacy skills as well as the supported curricular (the allocation of funding, time, professional teaching staff, quality learning resources, etc.). It has clearly spelled the policies, goals, fields of study, program of study, course and units of study as well as the lesson to be conducted.
Glatthorn defined the hidden curriculum as “Those aspects of schooling, other than the intentional curriculum, that seem to produce changes in student values, perceptions, and behaviors.” He suggested that the teacher had played a major role in the selection media, method and material in the classroom teaching, where the teacher’s constant evaluation and feedback had made the students unconsciously picked up those skills and traits which conform to the society expectation and norm.
The Glossary of education reform (2014) had defined hidden curriculum as “the unwritten, unofficial, and often unintended lessons, values, and perspectives that students learn in school. While the “formal” curriculum consists of the courses, lessons, and learning activities students participate in, as well as the knowledge and skills educators intentionally teach to students, the hidden curriculum consists of the unspoken academic, social, and cultural messages that are communicated to students while they are in school.” The StateUniversity.com (2015) described the messages embedded in the hidden curriculum as usually deal with attitudes, values, beliefs, and behavior.
The hidden curriculum may be manifested as:
- different cultural expectation for students from various social classes
- promoting cultural values and reinforce conformity to social norms
- imposing cultural perspective either trying to “assimilate” immigrants to the local culture or to advocate cultural-diversity
- the selection of curricular topic influenced by ideology, moral and political
- the teaching strategies emphasis the importance of certain skills or values
- the school or program structures reflects biases or prejudice
- the institution rules reinforce social norms.
You may watch the following video to have a rough idea what hidden curriculum could be:
The hidden curriculum. (2011).
Do you think this kind of hidden curriculum will successfully mould the students into the desired personality? Why do you say so?