Equality in Educational Opportunity
Every one has equal right to access educational opportunities at all level, for education is the key to personal development, career advancement, socialize and obtain recognition. Ideally, every learn, well education and become a competent citizen that is able to contribute to the well being of one self and the well being of the others, at the same time devotes one’s service to the progress of the nation.
The equality of educational opportunity may be defined as:
“… equalized access to and participation within different levels of formal education for different social groups.“
(Lynch, 2000 in Lynch & Baker, 2005)
According to Lynch and Baker (2000) there are several aspects of equalized access in educational opportunity, namely:
- educational resources
- respect and recognition
- love, care and solidarity
- working and learning
Educational resources refer to the socioeconomic aspect such as the economic capital (income and wealth), the social capital (family, networks and affiliation to particular organization) as well as the health and environmental resources (health care and clean environment).
Knowing that there are individual differences in temperament, multiple intelligence and preferred learning styles, no one should be discriminated when one do not perform as expect in a particular field which in neither his major nor minor but demand certain level of competency. One should be respected for the differences, being treated equal though not the same, and at the same time being recognized an autonomous individual for his strength and contribution in his own area of expertise.
Every one deserves love, care and solidarity where the emotional aspect is well taken care of shall lead to the mental and emotional well being, allowing one to live peacefully and harmoniously with his surroundings.
The parents may have the power in determining the selection or grouping of their children in the educational institution. The minority groups are not denied of their chance to learn their own language and culture.
Every one may have equal access to work opportunity, equal share of work load, chance for learning such as professional development and promotion.
Inequality in educational opportunities defined
On the contrary, inequality in educational opportunities may be coined as:
“… a situation where access to education is not evenly distributed to all residents because of certain factors.”
Azuma, Yoshiaki & Grossman, Hershel. (2002). Educational inequality. Retrieved Jan 22, 2025 from http://www.brown.edu/Departments/Economics/Papers/2001/2001-03.pdf
Lynch, Kathleen & Baker, John. (2005). Equality in education: an equality of condition perspective. Working Paper 28. Theory and Research in Education (2005) Vol. 3, No.2: 131-164. Retrieved Jan 22, 2015 from http://www.qub.ac.uk/sites/EqualitySocialInclusionInIreland-HomePage/FileStore/Filetoupload,19798,en.doc.
Education inequality in England: where is the gap widening. (2015). Retrieved Jan 22, 2015 from http://www.theguardian.com/news/datablog/2014/jan/27/education-inequality-in-england-where-is-the-gap-widening-demos