“Social-emotional development is a child’s ability to understand the feelings of others, control their own feelings and behaviors, and get along with peers (Songer, 2001)”.
“It includes self-awareness, control of impulsivity, working cooperatively, and caring about oneself and others (Maurice, 1997)”.
When a child learn about oneself, being able to accept oneself, at the same time being able accept and appreciate other people as they are, he will then learn to respect himself and others around him.
The goals of promoting social-emotional learning(competencies) is to enable a child to:
- handle emotions well
- relax and focus on learning
- avoid negative behaviors
- make positive decisions
- solve problems cooperatively
- understand others
- practice empathy and caring.
It is an undeniable fact that young people, especially the children may not be able to manage their emotion like a matured adult. These are the consequences of lacking the social-emotional skills (Social and emotional learning, 2015):
- If a student cannot manage emotions properly, it is difficult for him or her to focus on learning.
- If a student does not empathize with others, he or she may act out in unhealthy and potentially harmful ways.
- If a student is unable to follow rules, he or she may detract from the healthy functioning of a classroom and/or school environment.
- If a student is unable to solve problems cooperatively, he or she may create conflict in the classroom, playground, or anywhere students congregate.
- If a student is unable to work well with others, this can create disharmony and undermine the collective learning environment.
- If a student is unable to act responsibly or respectfully, he or she may not build the healthy relationships necessary for school — and life — success.