T3 Development of Education in Malaysia

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Pre-Independence : Education During the British Occupancy (1824-1957)

Prior to the independence of Malaysia as a sovereign country,  there was no unified education system. Different ethnic groups in the multicultural Malayan society manage their respective education systems that use their own curricula, books, teachers and medium of instruction. Teachers for the Chinese and Tamil schools were brought in from China and India respectively while local Malays were recruited to teach in Malay schools. The curriculum were focused on maintaining loyalty towards the country of origin. English, Malay, Chinese and Tamil schools were established to fulfilled the needs of different communal groups.

These divisions within the educational system were the strategic outcome of the British-inspired divide-and-rule policy.

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