In 1960, the Malaysian government had commissioned Adbul Rahman Talib, the then Minster of Education to review the national education policy and improve the education system. The report had became the basis for the Education Act 1961, which was subsequently passed by the Parliament.
The gist of the Report were:
- Starting from 1962, provide free primary education in the government schools.
- Emphasis the fundamental (3M or 3R’s) skills : Reading, wRiting, and aRithmetics.
- Emphasis on moral education.
- Emphasis on the Malaysian-oriented curriculum
- Automatic promotion until form three and extended the basic education had been from 9 to 11 years.
- Standard school became National schools while Standard-type school turned into National-type schools.
- English Primary school had changed the medium of instruction to national language.
- Students from national-typed primary schools may attend transition class (Remove) before being promoted to Form one (secondary education) that uses English as the medium of instruction.
- Secondary education consists of two main streams, i.e. academic and vocational with enhancement in the technical and vocational education.
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